Modern I.Q. Theorists - L.L. Thurstone
RANDOM QUOTE: "The trouble ain´t that there is too many fools, but that the lightning ain´t distributed right." --- Mark Twain
Thurstone began his studies as an electrical engineer, developing several motion picture innovations that attracted the attention of, and led to an offer of employment with Thomas Edison in 1912. However, Thurstone was more interested in studying the 'learning function', and continued his academic studies at the University of Chicago. He later stated that G. H. Mead's lectures on social psychology were the greatest influence on his development in psychology.
In Thurstone's early work in psychology, he rejected the popular stimulus-oriented psychology in favor of a person-centered approach. He distinguished between the focus of experimental or "normal" psychology and abnormal or psychoanalytic psychology. Thurstone believed that experimental psychology treated the normal person as little more than a responding machine. He advocated turning the focus of psychology from stimuli to the "satisfaction" the normal person is trying to attain and the way he or she attempts to attain them. Thurstone believed that an understanding and analysis of intelligence must begin with people and their attempts to reach their goals. Instinctual responses and lower levels of intelligence are characterized by the tendency to act on impulses without reflection. Higher levels of intelligence provide greater protection and increase the likelihood that individuals will eventually reach their goals by deflecting less than optimal impulses at earlier stages in the process of attempting to reach a goal. He saw intelligence is an inhibitory process:
Thurstone factor-analyzed intelligence tests and tests of perception. In the area of intelligence, his theory was that intelligence is made up of several primary mental abilities rather than a general and several specific factors. He was among the first to propose and demonstrate that there are numerous ways in which a person can be intelligent. Thurstone's Multiple-factors theory identified these seven primary mental abilities:
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