|Description: Pop artist
Born Andrew Warhola, in August 1928.
He Died in February 1987.
Warhol was born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, after his parents emigrated in 1914 from Slovakia.
Warhol was an American artist and the central figure in the Pop Art movement.
Warhol started as a commercial illustrator, but also touched painting, avant-garde filmmaking, producing and writing. He was a public figure known for his membership in diverse social circles such as bohemian street people, distinguished intellectuals, Hollywood celebrities and wealthy aristocrats.
We all know his Monroe Portrait paintings and the Campbell’s Soup. Since his death in 1987, he has been the subject of many retrospective exhibitions, feature and documentary films. He is one of the 2Oth century most influencing figure.
In 1933, Warhol starts Elementary School. In 1942, his father dies. In 1945 he graduates from High School.
He then studies in Carnegie Institute of Technology, where he becomes a Bachelor in Fine Arts in 1949.
It’s during his studies that he starts using the technique of stamped drawings.
That same year, he moves to New York where he starts working as a commercial designer, drawing the ads, for Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar. He also draws his first sketches for the shoe manufacturer I. Miller.|
In 1952, his first exhibition takes place in Hugo Gallery, New York. From 1953 to 1955, he designs costumes for a theatre troupe.
In 1954, he has an exhibition at the Loft Gallery. In 1955, he makes an important number of commercials, such as Christmas cards for Tiffany’s. (You can find some in the book “Greetings From Andy Christmas at Tiffany’s)
In 1956, an exclusive exhibition takes place at Bodley, as well as in Madison Avenue. The same year, he makes a World Tour. His ad for Miller wins “the Thirty Fifth Annual Art Director’s Club Award”.
In 1957, he gets another prize for his ads, the “Art Director’s Club Medal”.
He creates the same year a company that will control the ads requests.
In 1960, he makes his first paintings inspired by comics, and in 1962, with Roy Lichtenstein and some French artists, Warhol takes part in a major exhibition of Pop Art and New Realism, called The New Realists in New York.
He also paints his first Campbell’s Soup cans and his series of American Stars.
The artist then starts his series about death. In 1963, he opens The Factory, in an abandoned factory. It becomes his studio where he records movies. The band The Velvet Underground often plays there, and Warhol is their producer.
He shoots some experimental movies. Like his paintings, it’s often series, one images that is repeated, like that film, Sleep, where we see the same man sleeping for 20 minutes. This sequence is repeated 18 times to make a 2 hours film.
In 1964, he has his first exhibition in Europe. For the Universal exhibition in New York, he creates a big board Thirteen Most Wanted Men that will have to be painted, because it shocked people, as it was representing criminals.
He then starts his 3D series of Heinz Ketchup.
In 1965, he officially announces that he abandons pictorial art for cinematographic art. In 1968, Valeir Solanas tries to kill Warhol. Fortunately the attempt fails. In 1969, Warhol publishes a magazine, Interview, with illustrated articles dealing with celebrities of the moment.
In 1972, he comes back to painting with screen printed portraits, such as those of Mao Zedong. In 1976 he produces his series Skulls and Still Life, and Warhol is dranwing under orders.
Between 1989 and 1980, he starts his retrospective series, reusing the famous logos such as Campbell’s and the dollar sign.
In 1980, he produces video clips and opens the Andy Warhol TV.
Between 1982 and 1986, he makes his last series using famous masterpieces as Birth of Venus by Boticelli.
In 1986 he realizes “Self-portraits” and portraits of Lénine. He dies in New York on February 22sd 1987.