 Sir Andrew J. Wiles

Born: 1953 
Died:  
Nationality: England 
Description: Mathematician 
IQ: 170 
Sir Andrew John Wiles (April 11, 1953 in Cambridge, England ) is a British mathematician who publishes in the USA. He is best known for his demonstration of Fermat's last theorem in 1994, thus solving one of the best known problems of the history of mathematics.
He entered Clare College in 1974 to prepare a Ph.D. in math on the Iwasawa theory, which he obtained in 1980. He became a professor at Princeton University in New Jersey in 1982.
Regarding the demonstration of Fermat's last theorem, Wiles odyssey began in 1985 when Ken Ribet, from an idea by Gerhard Frey, demonstrates that the theorem result of the ShimuraTaniyamaWeil conjecture, which affirms that any elliptic curve is adjustable by a modular form. Although less familiar than Fermat's theorem, it is most significant because it touches the heart of the theory of numbers.
However, nobody has any track of work to show the theorem. Working in great secrecy for eight years, and sharing his ideas and progress to Nicholas Katz, a Princeton colleague, Wiles demonstrates the ShimuraTaniyamaWei conjecture and, hence, the Fermat's theorem.
To reveal his evidence, Wiles does it in a very theatrical way. He announced three conferences (21, 22 and 23 June 1993) without giving the subject, except at the last conference, specifying that the great Fermat's theorem is a corollary of his main results. It does so to ensure that the paternity of her evidence did not disputed after the fact.
In the months that followed, the manuscript of his evidence was circulating among a small number of mathematicians. Several criticisms are made against the evidence that Wiles has made in 1993, almost all on details that were quickly resolved, except one. Some have even written that the first version, although showing a lot of originality, was not a real evidence. With the help of Richard Taylor, Wiles submit another version, accepted as such, which bypasses the problem raised in October 1994. His work brings to an end a search which lasted more than 300 years.
He is the author of an important work in number theory. With Coates (who was his supervisor), he got several hits on conjecture Birch and SwinnertonDyer.


