I.Q. of Famous People

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Hypatia of Alexandria

Born: 370
Died: 475
Nationality: Alexandria
Description: Philosopher & mathematician
IQ: 170
Hypatia of Alexandria (ancient Greek Υπατία / Hypatia, v. 370 - 415) is a Greek mathematician and philosopher.

Her father Theon of Alexandria, the last director of the Museum of Alexandria, was an editor and commentator of mathematics texts. He educated his daughter in initiating her to the mathematics and philosophy. Hypatia led the neo-Platonic School of Alexandria.

Hypatia was studying science, philosophy and eloquence in Athens. She also worked in the field of astronomy and philosophy. She wrote comments on the arithmetic of Diophante, “The Coniques of Apollonius of Perga” and on the “Tables of Ptolemy”. Her public presentations in Alexandria, where she defended the neo- platonic thesis earned her great fame. However, none of her work reached our time, particularly because of the final fire of the Library of Alexandria, and this explains her poor reputation.

Synesius of Cyrene, one of her students who was also her friend and who became bishop of Ptolemais, honored her in his letters to his grace (very beautiful, she remained virgin according to legend) and asked her for advice in building a hydrometer , An astrolabe or draw maps. He wrote: "It is for you alone that I would neglect my homeland and if I can ever leave, this will only be to go with you" and elsewhere: "Even though the dead would not remember anything in hell, I myself would still remember my dear Hypatia "(Letter 24). In a letter to his father, he said, talking about her: "the philosopher so dear to God and that we can not venerate too much" (Letter 17).

The Christian historian, Socrates the Scholastic, relates in his Ecclesiastical History:

"There was a woman in Alexandria named Hypatia; she was the daughter of philosopher Theon, she had reached such a level of culture that she outperformed on this point philosophers, she took a succession of the Platonic school after Plotinus, and she was exempting all philosophical knowledge to who wanted, which is why those who, everywhere, wanted to make philosophy, came to her. The proud franchise that she acquired also because of her upbringing was that she faced with cold-blood even the government.
And she had not the slightest shame to be in the midst of men; because of her superior knowledge, it was rather they who were seized by shame and fear her. "

Denis Diderot devotes an article to her in his encyclopedia.

In March 415, she died, stoned in the street by fanatic Christians who accused her of preventing reconciliation between the patriarch Cyril of Alexandria and the Roman prefect Oreste, in the wake of bloody conflicts between different religious communities of Alexandria.

According to Socrates the Scholastic:

"She then had to face jealousy, as indeed she began to meet often enough with Oreste, it sparked against her a slander among the people of Christians, according to wich she was the one that prevented friendly relations between the bishop and Oreste. And therefore excited men, at the head of which was a certain Peter the reader, set up a conspiracy against her and followed Hypatia who was returning home: pushing her out of her seat, they carried around the church called Césareum, and having stripped of her clothes, they beat her to death, systematically cutting her into pieces, they then took her parts to the top of Cinarôn and destroyed her completly by fire. This was not without harming the image of Cyril and the Church of Alexandria; because it was quite awkward on the part of those who claimed that they following the Christ that murders, fights and other similar acts were done”.

According to John, bishop of Nicaea:

"At this time a woman philosopher appeared, a pagan named Hypatia, and she was fully dedicated to magic, the astrolabes and musical instruments, and she manipulated many people by her Satanic gifts. And the governor of the city honored her excessively; indeed, she had bewitched him by the magic. And he stopped going to church as was his habit. A multitude of believers gathered, guided by Peter the magistrate - who was in all aspects a perfect believer in Jesus Christ - and they began to find this pagan woman who had bewitched the people of the city and the prefect by her spells. And when they learned where she was, they found her sitting and having snatched from her seat, they pulled her up to the big church called Césarion. It was a day of fasting. And they tore her clothes and dragged her (behind a char) in the city streets until she dies. They then transported her to a place called Cinaron where they burned her body. And everyone around the patriarch Cyril called 'the new Theophilus' because he had destroyed the last remnants of idolatry in the city. "

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