I.Q. of Famous People

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Albrecht von Haller

Born: 1708
Died: 1777
Nationality: Switzerland
Description: Medical scientist
IQ: 190
Albrecht von Haller , 1708-77, Swiss scientist and writer. He had already won distinction as botanist and poet when he was appointed (1736) professor of anatomy, medicine, and botany at the University of Göttingen. There he carried on the research in experimental physiology for which he is especially famed and on which he based his theory of the irritability (known today as contractility) of muscle tissue, set forth in A Dissertation on the Sensible and Irritable Parts of Animals (1732, tr. 1936). He returned (1753) to his native Bern, where he continued his research and took part in public affairs. Among his voluminous writings are Elementa physiologiae corporis humani (8 vol., 1757-66); noted bibliographies in anatomy, surgery, botany, and medicine; and a volume of poems, Versuch schweizerischer Gedichte (1732).

Although he was primarily a scientific, Albrecht von Haller (1708-1777), sparked a wave of enthusiasm across Europe with a poem, "The Alps", written in 1729, and whose themes: majestic mountains , Honest simplicity of their inhabitants compared to the corruption of city dwellers, stereotyped as they may seem to modern readers, reflect feelings that had never been expressed before in the German-language literature. They radically changed attitudes toward the mountains, hitherto regarded at best as harsh landscapes, at worst as frightening masses.

"The Alps", translated into several languages, was the subject of a huge demand, including from the Swiss abroad. It is said that a Swiss Guard commander at the court of King of France, already old man, cast in tears in the hearing. Even if his work has now lost its emotional impact, his gaze on Swiss landscapes is the basis of the contemporary point of view of the mountains - and of the tourism that was born later.

Oxytropus, by Haller, taken from the book “ the Flora of Switzerland”, by Haller.

The literary work of Haller is only one side to his real interests, which included medicine, theology and law. Among the many disciplines in which he became a renowned figure is botany: One purpose of his travels in the Alps was to bring back plants. His first book on the flora of Switzerland was published in 1742 and again in 1768, in an expanded edition, which laid the foundations for the systematic study of the area.

Those wealthy enough to handle 500 francs tickets must be familiar with the face of Haller: his portrait decorated cuts in the series of 1976, replaced in 2000.
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