Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton
|Description: US Politician
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton was born on October 26, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois. She was the First Lady of the United States of America from 1993 to 2001 as the wife of the forty-second President William Jefferson Clinton, known as Bill Clinton. Since 2001, she is the Democratic Senator of New York. |
On January 20, 2007 she announced being a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the USA presidential elections of 2008, but is finally beaten by Barack Obama.
In 2007, she is classified as the 25th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine. In May 2008, she is the fourth on the rank of the Time for the hundred most influential people in the world.
Hillary Diane Rodham was born in Chicago, Illinois on October 26, 1947. She is the eldest daughter of Hugh Rodham and his wife, born Dorothy Howell. If her father is a conservative Republican, her mother leans towards the Democrats. She has two younger brothers: Hugh and Tony.
She grew up in Park Ridge in Illinois. Sportive, attending regularly at church (she is still a practicing Methodist) and at school, she was elected to the board of her class. Her parents encouraged her to study seriously in order to succeed and choose the career that she would like.
In 1962, Don Jones, a Methodist pastor, awakens her to the civil rights movement and it provides her an opportunity to see Martin Luther King Jr in a speech in Chicago.
In 1964, at 17 she took part in the presidential campaign of the Republican senator from Arizona, Barry Goldwater.
After high school, she joined the prestigious women's university of Wellesley, where she represents his classmates in the school board and chairs the Republican youth movement of the College. However, more and more opposed to the Vietnam War and marked by the struggle for civil rights, she first joins Eugene McCarthy; the anti-war candidate in the primaries for the presidential election of 1968, then participates in the campaign of the Republican Nelson Rockefeller. The links are definitively broken with the Republicans when they finally designate Richard Nixon to represent them.
At the end of her studies, she dedicates her thesis intitled "An analysis of Alinsky’s model” to the American sociologist Saul Alinsky. Upon graduation, she delivered a speech where she clearly showed her disagreement to the Nixon administration, denounced the war in Vietnam and the "hypocrite burdens inherited from the fifties”.
In 1969, Rodham integrates the very prestigious law school at Yale, where she shares her room with the future lawyer Marian Wright Edelman and Janet Hill (the mother of basketball player Grant Hill). She is part of the editorial boards of the Yale Law Review and of the Social Action and is involved in the inner poor parts of the city of New Haven.
In 1971, she completed an internship at the law firm Walker-Treuhaft and Burnstein, famous for having defended communist activists and the Black Panthers, a revolutionary afro-American movement. She then was the subject of an article in Life magazine under the title "the new wave" and for which she was photographed.
It was also at Yale that she met her future husband Bill Clinton. Bill likes to recall their first encounter: he observed her insistently in the very austere Yale library when she came and said, "If you must continue to stare at and me, and me to do so, we should better introduce ourselves. My name is Hillary Rodham”. With Bill Clinton, she participated in the presidential campaign of George McGovern in 1972, who was finally beaten by Nixon.
After her graduation from Yale, Rodham became a brilliant lawyer, advising the Fund for the Defense of the Children of Cambridge before joining the legal team advising the Judiciary Committee of the Representatives during the impeachment procedure of President Richard Nixon in the Watergate affair.
She moved to Arkansas to follow Bill Clinton who began his political career in Little Rock. They married in 1975 and have a daughter: Chelsea Clinton, born in 1980.
Clinton became a professor at the law school at the University of Arkansas in 1975 and a member of the law firm of Rose Law Firm in 1976.
In 1978, President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the Board of the Legal Services Corporation, when Bill Clinton became governor of the State of Arkansas.
Hillary Clinton remains First Lady of Arkansas for twelve years. She chairs Arkansas Educational Standards Committee, co-founded the association to support children and families of Arkansas, and is also a member of the steering committees of hospitals for children (Arkansas Children's Hospital), legal services and substantive legal defense of children (Children's Defense Fund). At that time, she is also a member of the executive committees of several companies including supermarket chain Wal-Mart.
Starting 1995, Clinton wrote a weekly section entitled Talking It Over, whose topics are related to her experience as first lady of Arkansas, her observations on women or children and families she has met throughout the world.
When her husband was elected to the White House in 1992, Rodham Clinton became the First Lady of the country and probably among all the first ladies, the more involved in federal politics. The Clinton couple is also the first presidential couple issued from the baby boom. Bill called his wife in his group of advisers to consider reforms of the health system. The working group gives birth to a complicated reform plan that will never happen before the legislative bodies and then finally abandoned in September 1994.
Like her husband, Clinton was under judicial investigation but none of them has led to a criminal conviction. Thus, he was criticized for his obstruction in the investigation for the death of presidential adviser Vince Foster. Another case also haunts his political career: Whitewater. Clinton is accused of having used information obtained through her law firm in Little Rock to enrich themselves personally through friends by buying land on the sides of the Whitewater River in Arkansas. She had to file under oath in court on January 26, 1996 in this case.
During the Monica Lewinsky affair, Rodham Clinton has an unchanging attitude towards her husband. At first she supports him in his denials, speaking of a "vast conspiracy of the political right" and even after the confirmation of the extra-marital relationship of the President, she still supports her husband.
For many Republicans, her name is pronounced with the same contempt than a Ted Kennedy: that of an infamous liberal, leftist, progressive, who is studying in major universities in the Ivy League. They accuse her of being out of the role of decorative-woman and to influence political issues and especially the reform of the health system. Some even claim that her marriage is a political alliance between two bright and ambitious young people sealed in the deep radius of the "legal" circle in the Yale library. Others see the marriage as any another where disagreements and arguments are carefully hidden so as not to affect the ambitions of both spouses. They also denounce her pro-abortion activism.
Clinton is, however, since 2003, member of the traditionalist Christian group The Family, led by Douglas Coe, which also includes senators known for their conservative and anti-abortion positions such as Tom Coburn, George Allen and Rick Santorum.
Hillary Clinton has won many supporters through her ceaseless defense of women's rights throughout the world and her commitment to children. She still defends her project for the extension of health insurance scheme, compulsory vaccination campaigns for children and a stronger awareness of the population to health problems. She also works on other less-known projects such as CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program) and funding for breast cancer screening.
After some legal problems related to her unexpected arrival in New York State, particularly to get an address, and under the media fire from all USA and world press, Hillary Clinton confirm her candidature for the Senate seat for New York to the 2000 elections (the other Senate seat is held by Democrat Charles Schumer but was not to be filled during this election). The popular Republican mayor of New York City, Rudy Giuliani was headhunted to arise against her, but was unable to do so for health reasons (prostate cancer). Her opponent is the young representative to Federal Congress Rick Lazio, Republican of Long Island. Despite an intense campaign of the Republican Party in order to thwart a symbol of the Clinton years, she was elected with 56% of the vote on November 7, 2000. Although beaten, Lazio obtained during this election the best result of a Republican candidate in New York for many years.
To counter her image as a liberal, she wishes to campaign in Northern State, a region traditionally Republican.
In winning her seat, she becomes the first First Lady of the United States to be elected to an official position and the first woman elected by the entire state of New York. Senator Clinton has been invested in the Senate by the Vice-President of her husband, Al Gore.
In the mid-term elections of President George W. Bush, on November 7, 2006, Hillary Clinton is re-elected with over 68% of the votes.
For the past several years, many rumors indicated Hillary’s willingness to submit to the Presidency of the USA, Hillary Clinton officially confirmed that on her website on January 20, 2007. She announced the formation of an exploratory committee for candidacy, first traditional step in the race for the investiture.
She is already considered by many political analysts as one of the brightest women politicians of USA Hisotry. She has a big advantage in being familiar and known on the political scene. This argument is double-edged because the Republicans have made their priority target and a hated paragon of liberal. With this label of "leftist" she advances with a large target on her back. Despite rumors in the press and some personal doubts, Hillary Clinton did not appear in 2004 against George W. Bush during the presidential election.
Since she is Senator, Hillary Clinton began to erase her image as a convinced liberal to reposition herself at the centre. After actively supporting military operations in Afghanistan and the war in Iraq, she also expressed herself on issues like abortion that she now wants to restrict, as well as the death penalty that she has always supported or clandestine immigration. Although the analysis of her votes in the Senate places heron the left wing of the Democratic Party, recent polls show that her new image, more consensual, encounters a certain resonance in profound America that she has undertaken since the allure re-election of George W. Bush in November 2004.
But to be candidate in 2008, Hillary Clinton has much to do: Barack Obama, John Edwards, Joe Biden, Christopher Dodd, Dennis Kucinich and Bill Richardson are also returned to the race for the Democratic nomination (other candidates have already withdrawn from the race as Tom Vilsack and Evan Bayh).
Some analysts have pointed out, after the failure of John Kerry in the presidential election on November 2, 2004, that this defeat would open an electoral "boulevard" to Hillary Rodham Clinton in the Democratic camp, for the election of 2008. This analysis is not universally shared, other commentators, particularly in the Democratic camp, are pleased to emphasize that the strength of "republican ideas" would seem to indicate a certain rejection by the electorate People, a model involving Democratic nomination of a politician of the East Coast, usually from a wealthy social rank, with a politician of South or Middle West, generally more of a modest extraction (or vice versa). These commentators argue further that, in their view, the Democratic Party should emphasize a warm" and "charismatic" candidature for 2008; qualities that would not have possessed the last two candidates (Al Gore and John Kerry) and that Hillary Rodham Clinton would also lack of.
According to several surveys conducted in 2005, Hillary Clinton would win the state of New York during the presidential election although not in the case where she would be opposed to the Republican Rudolph Giuliani, former mayor of New York. According to a survey by the Siena Research Institute on October 20, 2005, Rudy Giuliani would get the vote of 48% of New York voters against 43% to Hillary Clinton.
According to another telephone survey of Strategic Vision, based on a sample of 1,200 people, conducted from 2 to 4 December 2005, only 33% of the inhabitants of the State of New York declare to wish her candidacy for the presidential election of 2008 (against 62% for Rudolph Giuliani).
The Financial Times magazine (the one who had predicted the victory N. Sarkozy in France in 2007) predicts she will certainly be, in January 2009, the first Woman President of the United States of America.