I.Q. of Famous People

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Galileo Galilei

Born: 1564
Died: 1642
Nationality: Italy
Description: Physicist & astronomer & philosopher
IQ: 185
Galileo Galilei, called Galilee (1564-1642), is an Italian scientist, physicist and astronomer at the origin of the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century and one of the founders of modern physics. His theories and those of the German astronomer Johannes Kepler served as the foundation work of the British physicist Sir Isaac Newton on the law of gravitation. His main contribution to astronomy was the invention of the telescope and the discovery of sunspots, mountains and valleys on the moon, the four largest satellites of Jupiter and the phases of Venus.
In physics, he discovered the law of falling bodies and the parabolic movements of projectiles. In the history of culture, Galileo is a symbol of the battle against the authorities for the freedom of research.

Galileo Galilei was born near Pisa on February 15, 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, who played an important role in the musical revolution, from the medieval polyphony to the harmonic modulation, was convinced that a rigid theory would stifle new forms of music, thought close to that of his eldest son, who will come to consider the Aristotelian natural theology as a limit to the scientific review.
Galileo was educated by the monks of Vallombroso, then entered the University of Pisa in 1581 to study medicine. He soon turned to philosophy and mathematics, leaving the university without a diploma in 1585. For a time he was a tutor and wrote on the hydrostatic and natural movements, but he did not published his writings. In 1589, he became professor of mathematics at the university of Pisa some people said he showed his students that Aristotle was wrong in asserting that the speed of the drop of objects was proportional to the weight: to show that, he dropped two objects simultaneously of different weights from the Leaning Tower. His contract was not renewed in 1592, probably because he was in conflict with Aristotelian teachers. The same year he won the chair of mathematics at the University of Padua, where he remained until 1610.

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