I.Q. of Famous People

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George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Born: 1770
Died: 1831
Nationality: Germany
Description: Philosopher
IQ: 165
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831), German philosopher, author of the Phenomenology of Mind, he was one of the most influential thinkers of the nineteenth century.

Born in Stuttgart on August 27, 1770, son of a Customs employee, Hegel was raised in the atmosphere of Protestant pietism while studying classical Greek and Roman thoroughly during his studies at Stuttgart Gymnasium (preparatory school). Encouraged by his father to become a pastor, Hegel entered the seminary at the University of Tubingen in 1788 where he became friend with the poet Friedrich Hölderlin and the philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling. After studying philosophy and theology, Hegel, who had decided against the sacred ministry, became a tutor in Berne, Switzerland, 1793. In 1797, he held a similar post in Frankfurt. His father died two years later, leaving him an inheritance large enough to release him from tutorship.

In 1801, Hegel went to the University of Jena, where he continued his research and work before and then got a free professor’s post. It was at Jena he completed the Phenomenology of Mind (1807), one of his major works. He remained in Jena until October 1806, when he was forced to flee before the seizure of the town by the French. Having exhausted the legacy of his father, Hegel became editor of the Bamberger Zeitung, a newspaper in Bavaria. But he hated journalism and went to Nuremberg where he held a post as director of Gymnasium (elementary school) for eight years.

It was during his stay in Nuremberg that he met and then married Marie von Tucher, with who he had a daughter who died shortly after her birth, and two sons, Karl and Emmanuel. Before his marriage, Hegel had recognized an illegitimate son, Ludwig, who ended up living with the family. It is also in Nuremberg that was published over a period of several years the Science of logic (1812, 1813, 1816). In 1816 he accepted a professorship in philosophy at the University of Heidelberg. Shortly after he , in summary form, a systematic presentation of his whole philosophy, entitled Summary of the Encyclopaedia of the sciences of philosophy (1817). In 1818 Hegel was invited to teach at the University of Berlin, where he was staying. He died in Berlin on November 14, 1831, during a cholera epidemic.

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