I.Q. of Famous People

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Charles Dickens

Born: 1812
Died: 1870
Nationality: England
Description: Writer
IQ: 180
Born on February 7th in Portsmouth in England in 1812, Charles Dickens is one of the most famous storytellers and writers . He spent a happy childhood in Chatham in a family of modest means. Unfortunately, when he joines his father in London, he must stop his studies for financial reasons. The difficulties are such that the family is in great misery and that his father was imprisoned for debt. At just twelve years, Charles Dickens starts wokring in a shoe polish factory. This nostalgia for the happy and pure childhood, this obsession of hunger and poverty are thematic and real feelings that will be reflected in his work.

Some time later, Charles Dickens begins three years of study. He will then be able to enter a law firm serving a solicitor. Passionate for literature and lectures of all kinds, he found a place as a stenographer in a magazine. In 1833, he made his debut as a writer in various newspapers and stories magazines in the popular districts of London. In 1836, his first book of stories and other pieces entitled Sketches by Boz (Boz being his pseudonym) appears. Since 1837, he began to reveal his talent with The Pickwick Papers, his success is immediate. Between writing and great voyages, Charles Dickens is prolific and inspired. It was at this same time he married a certain Catherine Hogarth. Almost all the novels of Charles Dickens will be published monthly or weekly.

He is known today for a high quality and quantity of books, including, to name only some of course: A Tale of Two Cities, Oliver Twist, The Memoirs of Joseph Grimaldi (1838), Master Humphrey's Clock, The Old Curiosity Shop, Martin Chuzzlewit, The Famous Christmas Conte; American Notes (1842); A Christmas Carol, The Chimes, The Cricket On The Earth, The Battle of Life, David Copperfield, Great Expectations, Our Mutual Friend, Bleak House.

In full glory, he leaves his wife, and becomes what is known as "the national and international baladin of England" because he then started readings around the world: England, France and even the United States. Tired and very nervous, on June 9th,1865, he has a terrible and serious railroad accident which diminishes him physically. The same day, five years later, in 1870, he died at Gadshill. He was buried with military honours in Westminster Abbey. His novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood will never be completed.

Novels • The Pickwick Papers (Monthly serial, April 1836 to November 1837)
• The Adventures of Oliver Twist (Monthly serial in Bentley's Miscellany, February 1837 to April 1839)
• The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby (Monthly serial, April 1838 to October 1839)
• The Old Curiosity Shop (Weekly serial in Master Humphrey's Clock, April 25, 1840, to February 6, 1841)
• Barnaby Rudge: A Tale of the Riots of 'Eighty (Weekly serial in Master Humphrey's Clock, February 13, 1841, to November 27, 1841)
• The Christmas books:
o A Christmas Carol (1843)
o The Chimes (1844)
o The Cricket on the Hearth (1845)
o The Battle of Life (1846)
o The Haunted Man and the Ghost's Bargain (1848)
• The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit (Monthly serial, January 1843 to July 1844)
• Dombey and Son (Monthly serial, October 1846 to April 1848)
• David Copperfield (Monthly serial, May 1849 to November 1850)
• Bleak House (Monthly serial, March 1852 to September 1853)
• Hard Times: For These Times (Weekly serial in Household Words, April 1, 1854, to August 12, 1854)
• Little Dorrit (Monthly serial, December 1855 to June 1857)
• A Tale of Two Cities (Weekly serial in All the Year Round, April 30, 1859, to November 26, 1859)
• Great Expectations (Weekly serial in All the Year Round, December 1, 1860 to August 3, 1861)
• Our Mutual Friend (Monthly serial, May 1864 to November 1865)
• No Thoroughfare (1867) (with Wilkie Collins)
• The Mystery of Edwin Drood (Monthly serial, April 1870 to September 1870. Only six of twelve planned numbers completed)
• The Lazy Tour of Two Idle Apprentices (1890)
Short story collections
• Sketches by Boz (1836)
• Boots at the Holly-tree Inn: And Other Stories (1858)
• Reprinted Pieces (1861)
• The Haunted House (1862) (with Wilkie Collins, Elizabeth Gaskell, Adelaide Proctor, George Sala and Hesba Setton)
• The Mudfog Papers (1880) aka Mudfog and Other Sketches
• To Be Read At Dusk (1898)
Selected non-fiction, poetry, and plays
• The Village Coquettes (Plays, 1836)
• The Fine Old English Gentleman (poetry, 1841)
• American Notes: For General Circulation (1842)
• Pictures from Italy (1846)
• The Life of Our Lord: As written for his children (1849)
• A Child's History of England (1853)
• The Frozen Deep (play, 1857)
• Speeches, Letters and Sayings (1870)
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