I.Q. of Famous People

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Benjamin Netanyahu

Born: 1949
Died: -
Nationality: Israel
Description: Israeli Prime Minister
IQ: 180
Benjamin Netanyahu, born on October 21, 1949, in Tel Aviv, often nicknamed “Bibi” in Israel, is a Likud ( Zionist party of the Israeli nationalist and conservative liberal right, created in 1973 under the leadership of Menachem Begin) politician and prime minister of the State of Israel from 1996 to 1999.

Grand-son of a rabbi emigrated from Lithuania in Palestine in 1920, Benjamin Netanyahu was born into a family of "Zionist revisionism” militants. His father, Bension Netanyahu was the secretary of Zeev Vladimir Jabotinsky, the spiritual father of the Israeli right in which was later born the Likud. In the early 60’s, the Netanyahu family left Jerusalem to settle the USA where the future prime minister of Israel took courses in architecture and business administration at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

In 1967, he returned to Israel where he performs his military service in the IDF (Tsahal; Israeli Army). His inclusion in an elite corps of the army allowed him to participate in sensitive operations, like the release raid of a Sabena plane hijacked in 1972 on the airport in Lod. Military action in which Ehud Barak also participated.

Returning to the USA, he is employed at the Boston Consulting Group, a strategy consulting firm, until 1978 before returning to Israel within the RIM industries in Jerusalem. The late 70’s are punctuated by a dramatic event that will mark the development and strengthening of his political action, the Entebbe raid in which his brother, Yonathan, died in combat during the liberation of Western hostages. Advocate of peace by security, he is resolutely opposed to the creation of a Palestinian state and is rather in favour of a permanent control on "Judea-Samaria (Cisjordania) and of settlements colonies. This decision will undergo many international pressure upon his accession to the post of Prime Minister of the State of Israel.

Born into a family of right militant and involved in specific measures to support the Likud, Benjamin Netanyahu truly began his political career by taking part in the building of the Yonathan Institute for the Study of Terrorism. A platform of reflection on behalf of his brother, hero of the Entebbe raid, which aims to raise public awareness on security issues affecting the State of Israel. Very close to the right-elected politicians, he was appointed as an associate within the Israeli Embassy in Washington (1982-1984) under the command of the post-chief Moshe Arens. In 1984, he is being promoted by assuming the role of ambassador of the Jewish state at the UN in New York. Two successive positions where he quickly became known on the national and international scene as a convincing lawyer regarding the Israeli positions in the Middle East conflict.

In a meteoric career within the hotel diplomatic followed an entry into politics with his election as deputy in the Knesset (Israeli Parliament) in 1988. Rising Star of the Likud, he climbed ladders successively becoming alternately Minister of Foreign Affairs (1988-1990), then special adviser during the negotiations on the Madrid Conference for Peace. His rise in Major-State of the Likud is such that he easily beats the Labour Party candidate Shimon Peres in the elections of 1996.

In 1996, he was elected premier of the State of Israel and thus becomes the youngest head of government of the country's history, and the first to be born after the proclamation of independence. Following the defeat of the Labour Party, the arrival of a Likud member in the government resulted in a difference of policy in managing the crisis in the Middle East and the peace process with the Palestinians. At the outset, the new prime minister has adopted a credo based on security in exchange for peace.

Opposed to the original Oslo accords, he would take them as granted from the very beginning of his mandate, with the exception of the negotiations on the status of Jerusalem which was planned in the first commitments taken. In obedience to the maximalist territorial plan, he has aimed to maintain control over the "Judea-Samaria” (Cisjordania), promoting the construction of new Israeli settlements on this portion of territory. Opposed the creation of a Palestinian state, he supported an extended autonomous status, as already provided for in the Oslo Accords. These different positions marked a major turning point compared to the policy pursued by the Labour Party before and considerably deteriorated the relations with the Palestinian Authority, which accused him to freeze the dialogue for peace.

On the international level, his mandate allowed the management of the crisis in southern Lebanon, between the maintenance units of the IDF supported by militias of the South Lebanon Army (SLA) and the urgings within the public’s opinion to process to a military withdrawal. The latter has taken place only during the term of Ehud Barak, his successor as Prime Minister.

Since 1996, the international community is concerned that the recurring blockages of the Palestinian territories and timeliness of dialogue with its representatives, will undermine the peace process and the progress made until then. Until 1999 when Ehud Barak got the power with the Labour Party, these relations will be relatively conflict.

Defeated in the elections of May 1999, Benjamin Netanyahu resigns from his tenure as chairman of the Likud. In 2002, he returned to the office of Ministers to replace Shimon Peres for the post of foreign minister. He then held the finance portfolio that he held until 2005 in the 2nd Government of Ariel Sharon.
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