I.Q. of Famous People


RANDOM QUOTE: "It takes all sorts of people to make the underworld." --- Don Marquis

Antoine Arnauld

Born: 1612
Died: 1694
Nationality: France
Description: Theologian
IQ: 190
Antoine Arnauld, who was born in Paris on February 6, 1612, died in Brussels on 8 August 1694, called the Grand Arnauld by his contemporaries to distinguish his from his father who had the same name, is a French priest, theologian, philosopher and mathematician, one of the main leaders of Jansenism and an opponent of the Jesuits in the seventeenth century.
Twentieth and youngest child of Antoine Arnauld, a family of magistrates in Paris, he was the brother of Angelica and Agnes Arnauld, abbesses in Port-Royal.

He was originally intended to the bar as a lawyer, but decided to study theology at the Sorbonne. He won the greatest success and his career promised to be bright, when the influence of the Saint-Cyran attracted him to Jansenism. His book, “La Fréquente Communion” (1643), was an important step to make the goals and ideals of this movement intelligible to the general public. This publication attracted him so many enemies that he was forced into hiding and for over twenty years or more didn’t dare to go out in public in Paris. In the text Antoine Arnauld advocated a Christianity based on a genuine conversion of heart and absolute respect for the sacraments. The clear and logical structure is a roaring success, but was soon censored. When the police came in the monastery and persecuted him, he replied by writing texts denouncing the injustice he was facing.

Meanwhile, he wrote countless brochures for Jansenism. In 1655 two letters to a pair duke and on methods of the Jesuits in the confessional brought him to be expelled from the Sorbonne. This was the origin of the Provincial of Blaise Pascal. Pascal, however, could not save his friend, in February 1656, Arnauld was solemnly degraded. Twelve years later the "Clementine Peace" put an end to his troubles, he was graciously received by Louis XIV and treated almost as a hero by the people.

He then began to work with Pierre Nicole on a large book against the Calvinists: The life of the faith of the Catholic Church concerning the Eucharist. Ten years later, however, persecution against Jansenism was starting again. Arnauld was forced to leave France for the Netherlands, finally settling in Brussels. He spent the last sixteen years of his life tirelessly discussing controversy with the Jesuits, Calvinist and heretics of any kind. He died in Brussels in 1694.
    
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