I.Q. of Famous People

RANDOM QUOTE: "Always do right. This will gratify some people and astonish the rest." --- Mark Twain

Sir Francis Galton

Born: 1822
Nationality: British
Description: Scientist & doctor
IQ: 200
Sir Francis Galton (born on February 16th 1822 in Sparkbrook, near Birmingham - died on January 17th, 1911 in Surrey) was a British man of science. One of the founders of comparative or differential psychology, he is the winner of the Royal Medal in 1886, the Darwin Medal in 1902, the silver medal Darwin-Wallace in 1908 and the Copley Medal in 1910.

Cousin of Charles Darwin and raised in a family of wealthy intellectuals (his grandfather is a member of the Royal Society), Francis Galton did not, however, have brilliant studies at the university and even though he has attached his name to the Statistics and psychology, he was primarily a hands-on everything genius. Passionate explorer, he obtained a first consecration as a geographer, he is interested enough in meteorology to provide us with the word "anticyclone" and invented the sleeping bag. Starting 1865, he devoted himself to statistics with the goal of quantifying the physical, psychological and behavioural characteristics of humans and their evolution.

If Darwin set out his laws of evolution in a context independent of any reflection on the calculation of probabilities, his theories have assured the triumph of a probabilistic description of the world, along with the statistical physics of Maxwell and Boltzmann. It is Francis Galton who made the link between the theory of natural selection and mathematical research, devoting a large part of its activity to defend the theory of evolution, offering to show that it allows forecasts that could be verified.

His studies focus on the transmission of hereditary characteristics, such as size, and his biggest contribution is to correctly explain the concept of correlation, in other words, how the law of probability of a random variable depends on the assumed value set of another random variable. His work on the differential psychology are included in this perspective.

To his brilliant mathematics contributions, Galton attached great talents as an organizer and adviser, led again by the same obsession: the systematic search for a selection of the scientific elite of mankind (or rather the United Kingdom) . As such, he is considered, with his disciple Karl Pearson, with whom he founded a newspaper devoted to the study (Biometrika), as the founder of a biometric and eugenics British school having disturbing motivations.

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