I.Q. of Famous People

RANDOM QUOTE: "Everything takes longer than you think. ? Murphy´s Second Law" --- Laws

Sir Clive Sinclair

Born: 1940
Nationality: England
Description: Inventor
IQ: 159
Marles Clive Sinclair was born in Richmond in England on July 30, 1940. Excellent in math, Clive builds his own calculating machine whose principles, without his knowledge, are directly adapted from binary language. At 18, Clive is a passionate for electronics and decides to work for specialised magazines. "It was not very complicated," he says, "it was enough to choose the good articles sent by the hundreds of avid readers and volunteers then relift them slightly." Clive took the opportunity to develop his skills in designing circuits. In 1961, on the basis of his research, he created Sinclair Radionics Ltd and launches a miniature radio.

This first products, which he will use to build his empire, is very representative of his concerns; he is a maniac of miniaturization. The ZX80 is launched in 1980. Its main assets are the price (less than 1 000 F) and an amazing reliability. The success is so sudden that Clive can not meet demand. Within a few months, more than 20 000 ZX are sold. In 1981, the ZX81 was born and Clive expands his activity: he exports to the USA and Japan, and made an agreement with the English schools ... Sinclair sells over 500 000 machines in a year. In 1983, the project ZX82, renamed "Spectrum", was launched worldwide. But Clive made his first mistake: he decided to sell the machine by correspondence. The result, demand is phenomenal, and customers must wait nearly 2 months to receive their computers. The operation is rather bad for the image of the society. This small trail error does not keep Clive from being knighted by the Queen of England for the quality of his technological innovations. He will now be Sir Clive Sinclair.

In 1984, QL (Quantum Leap) is presented as the ultimate computer. Unfortunately, the machine is marketed in haste (in order to preceed to Apple who was announcing the imminent arrival of the Macintosh): the system is buggy, customers can not be served and consumer associations attack Sinclair, blurring a lttle more the image of the society. The launch in 1985 of the C5, a car-scooter designed by Clive himself is seen by the public as a whim. The marketing is a failure and production was quickly stopped. Since it is impossible to keep longer his empire alive, Clive will sell his technology to his greater enemy, Alan Sugar, the very mediatic officer of Amstrad.

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