I.Q. of Famous People

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Anthonis van Dyck

Born: 1599
Died: 1641
Nationality: Dutch
Description: Painter
IQ: 155
Anthony Van Dyck (english name of Antoon Van Dijk) is the most famous collaborators and followers of Peter Paul Rubens. Born in Antwerp (Netherlands), he is from 1610 to 1614, while he is still a child, the chief assistant of the greatest Flemish master at the time, Rubens, whose influence on the young artist is immense. Van Dyck becomes an independent painter starting in 1615, at sixteen, and in 1618, and is a member of the Guild of St. Luke.

However, from 1620, Van Dyck went to England to the call of King James the First. There, the discovery, in a collection, of the work of Titian acts on him as a revelation. He then returned in Flanders, then travel to Italy. He stayed there six years, mainly in Genoa, from 1621 to 1627, studying the masters of the Italian Renaissance and began a remarkable career as a portraitist.

After returning to Antwerp for several years, where he received many orders, Van Dyck went to London in 1632, where he was knighted and became the first painter of the court. He painted many portraits of King Charles I and his family, but also of the court and his own family. He developed a style that combines portrait, landscape background, a relaxed elegance and a perceptible authority, who will become a school in England until the late eighteenth century. The fluid touch is a direct influence of Rubens, but the metallic colours, silver and gold, and the transparency are his own touch, and will have, on English painting until Gainsborough and Turner, a considerable influence.

Passing through Paris in 1641, he fell gravely ill and died a few months later in London at the age of forty-two.

Some major works:

* The marquise Elena Grimaldi (1623, Washington, National Gallery)
* Self-portrait with Sunflower (1632, private collection)
* Charles I (1633, London, Buckingham Palace)
* Evidence of a cross (1634, Munich, Alte Pinakothek)
* Charles I, King of England, hunting (1635, Paris, Musée du Louvre)
* Lord John and Lord Bernard Stuart (1638, London, National Gallery, ill.)
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